Uterine Fibroids - What Happens
Uterine fibroids can grow on the
inside wall of the uterus ,
within the muscle wall of the uterus , or on the
outer wall of the uterus . They can alter the shape of the uterus as they grow.
Over time, the size, shape, location, and symptoms of fibroids can change. See
a picture of the
female pelvic organs .
As women age, they are more likely to have
uterine fibroids, especially from their 30s and 40s through
menopause (around age 50).
Uterine fibroids can stay the same for years with few or no
symptoms, or you can have a sudden, rapid growth of fibroids.
Fibroids do not grow before the start of menstrual periods (puberty).
They sometimes grow larger during the first trimester of pregnancy, and they
usually shrink for the rest of a pregnancy.1 After
menopause, when a woman's hormone levels drop,
fibroids usually shrink and don't come back.
uterine fibroids are not common. They include:
- Blockage of the urinary tract or bowels, if a
fibroid presses on them.
Infertility, especially if the fibroids grow inside the uterus and change the shape of the uterus or the location of the fallopian
- Ongoing low back pain or a feeling of pressure in the lower
abdomen (pelvic pressure).
- Infection or a breakdown of uterine
Fibroids can cause problems during pregnancy, such