Uterine fibroids are noncancerous
growths in the uterus. They are the most common type of solid tumor that can
grow in the pelvis. Fibroids affect 20 to 50 out of 100 reproductive-aged
Most women with fibroids do
not have symptoms. For those who do, symptoms can range from mild to severe.
Symptoms depend on how large a fibroid is, where it is, and whether it is
bleeding or pressing on an internal organ.
Fibroids are often first found during a routine pelvic exam. To double check, an ultrasound may be performed, either transvaginally or abdominally. A three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound or an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) can also be used to find the fibroids, a process called fibroid mapping.