The rectum is closer to the urine outlet (urethra) in women than in men. This allows
bacteria present in stool to enter the urinary tract more
The urethra is shorter in women than in men, which allows
bacteria to reach the bladder more easily.
In women, sexual
intercourse can push bacteria into the urethra.
The fluid produced
by a man's
prostate gland helps kill bacteria in his urinary
Some women have an ongoing problem with UTIs. If a woman has more
than two bladder infections in 6 months or more than three infections in a
year, she is said to have recurrent UTIs. Recurrent UTIs usually get better
with extended antibiotic treatment. But infection may recur as soon as the
woman stops taking antibiotics. For this reason, doctors usually recommend preventive antibiotics.