A tubal ligation is considered a permanent method of
birth control. A mini-laparotomy ("mini-lap") involves
a smaller incision [usually less than
2 in. (5.1 cm) long] than a
regular laparotomy. The incision may be made just at or above the pubic
fallopian tubes are pulled up into or out of the
incision, tied off, and then put back into place.
is favored for women who have had prior abdominal or pelvic surgery or who have
heart or respiratory diseases.
Just because the economy looks bleak doesn't mean you have to deprive
yourself and your family. Here's how to spend less, but have more.
You don't need us to tell you times are tight. Between the rising cost of
gas and groceries, a disheartening recession, and the shaky job and housing
markets, you've probably spent more than a few hours worrying about your
finances. But tightening your belt doesn't mean choking your spirit; you can
still enjoy the things you love.