Surgery for Menstrual Pain
Surgery can be used to treat some causes of menstrual cramps such as fibroids, polyps, ovarian cysts, or endometriosis.
- D&C: This procedure is used to remove uterine polyps.
- Laparoscopy: This procedure is used to treat pelvic endometriosis or ovarian cysts.
- Endometrial ablation: This procedure destroys the lining of the uterus.
Hysterectomy: This surgical procedure completely removes the uterus.
Other Therapy for Menstrual Pain
If taking hormonal birth control is not an option because of health problems or the woman is among the 10% of women who do not respond to this treatment, there are some other alternatives.
- Wearing a TENS (transcutaneous electrical neural stimulation) unit, a small electrical device that interferes with pain signals as they travel to the brain
Preventing Menstrual Pain
Prevent painful menstrual cramps with these techniques:
- Maintain a normal body weight.
- Do not smoke.
- Do not drink excessively.
- Exercise regularly.
Outlook for Menstrual Pain
Often, it is possible to eliminate menstrual cramps effectively. Anti-inflammatory drugs are 80% effective. Hormonal birth control decreases the pain 90% of the time. Cramps also tend to decrease in intensity as a woman ages. Cramps may disappear after a woman's first pregnancy.